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The ethical significance of pleasure, feeling, and happiness in modern non-hedonistic systems

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    Available in PDF - DJVU Format | The ethical significance of pleasure, feeling, and happiness in modern non-hedonistic systems.pdf | Language: ENGLISH
    William Kelley Wright (Author)

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.1906 Excerpt: ... VI. SEVERAL NINETEENTH-CENTURY NON-HEDONISTS It is of course impossible, except in a very general way, to characterize as a whole the non-hedonistic writers since Kant, which are here to be noticed. With the rebirth of national self-consciousness at the beginning of the nineteenth century, and the enthusiastic efforts and sacrifices made by patriots in consequence, with the great industrial development that has made men and nations more economically interdependent, and with the increased human sympathy revealed in a thousand ways that imply a recognition of common brotherhood, the social nature of morality and duty could not fail to be recognized. This closer sense of mutual interests and sympathies has led Utilitarians to believe that a man's personal happiness is necessarily dependent upon universal happiness. To nonhedonistic writers who are not satisf1ed with the arguments for this kind of a reconciliation, the essentially social character of morality, and its superiority and fundamental opposition to the solicitations of personal pleasure, have been unquestioned. With a clearer sense of the unity of the conscious life, and a better feeling for historical development--results due in a considerable measure to the work of Kant--there is no longer to be observed so sharp a dualism between happiness and moral action, nor such arbitrary, external methods employed at overcoming it, as we have seen in the ethical postulates of Kant. Speaking generally, two attitudes toward happiness may be distinguished. Some have extruded what have seemed the selfish, anti-social, and unaesthetic elements from a happiness composed simply of pleasure, and have associated this refined happiness, often distinguished as blessedness, with the realization of the moral ideal. Such i...
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